The town name Calatafimi derives from the Arabic word for castle, qalat, and possibly from the name of the patrician family that controlled the territory under the Roman Empire, the Phimes. A contending interpretation derives the second part of the name from Eufemio I, Sicily’s self-proclaimed king who brought in Saracen mercenaries as personal defenders in 827, only to see them begin their own conquest of the island. Many other town names in the area have Arabic derivations - Alcamo (al-Qamuk), Marsala (Marsa Ali), Salemi (Salam) - and the mountains of this area were the last refuge of the Islamic culture that had existed in Sicily from the early ninth century until the mid thirteenth century, when King Fredrick forced Islam either out or underground. (The nearby town of Corleone, famous in Mafia lore, was called Qur la Yun by its Islamic inhabitants and was repopulated by a group of Lombards from North Italy after the Saracens were expelled.) Recently, Calatafimi-Segesta became the new official name of the town as part of the mayor’s enhanced tourism plan. Many inhabitants express consternation with this change; some are willing to give it a chance. No one, however, actually uses the hyphenated name in normal discourse.