Civil & Architectural Engineering

Current Science Dependence

Computer Science
Primarily for modeling of complex systems

Engineering Components

Transportation Infrastructure
Land
River
Public Health
Water & Air quality control
Disease prevention
Buildings
Capabilities

Likely Areas of Major Impact

Development

Positive Jobs Impact

Negative Jobs Impact

Infrastracture Maintenance and Repair

Increased jobs as methods are developed to make maintenance and repair more feasible.

Loss of low-skill labor jobs as machines become increasingly important.

Increased Construction Automation

Increased need for construction machinery and highly-skilled technicians to supervise machines.

Loss of low-skill labor jobs as machines become increasingly important.

Update 10/19/97