Aware Home Research Initiative - Georgia Tech
"Is it possible to create a home environment that is aware of its occupants whereabouts and activities? If we build such a home, how can it provide services to its residents that enhance their quality of life or help them to maintain independence as they age? The Aware Home Research Initiative (AHRI) is an interdisciplinary research endeavor at Georgia Tech aimed at addressing the fundamental technical, design, and social challenges presented by such questions."
The Unofficial Bill Gates House
How one multi-billionare put together his house
SIAL - Spatial Information Architecture
Interesting experiments in Architecture - includes work on Gaudi's Sagrada Familia
Can Architecture Shape Science
"How architecture and science will define each other through this encounter is still to be seen, but it begins a dialogue that places architecture in a position to enable science to reach further into the unknown and come up with answers to life's mysteries. Even more provocative is the possibility that this new architecture may somehow determine or influence the science conducted on the inside."s
Adam Kalkin - Modular Houses - architecture and hygiene - quik house
Has NYT slideshow on contemporary design using modules.
Semantic Web - Article explaining its meaning by one of Originators
"he Semantic Web will bring structure to the meaningful content of Web pages, creating an environment where software agents roaming from page to page can readily carry out sophisticated tasks for users. Such an agent coming to the clinic's Web page will know not just that the page has keywords such as "treatment, medicine, physical, therapy" (as might be encoded today) but also that Dr. Hartman works at this clinic on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays and that the script takes a date range in yyyy-mm-dd format and returns appointment times. And it will "know" all this without needing artificial intelligence on the scale of 2001's Hal or Star Wars's C-3PO. Instead these semantics were encoded into the Web page when the clinic's office manager (who never took Comp Sci 101) massaged it into shape using off-the-shelf software for writing Semantic Web pages along with resources listed on the Physical Therapy Association's site."
IFC and XML What is the Difference - Autodesk explanation
"Many AEC activities need common basic data, but our industry's data usage requires different standards for the many functions and roles of a project team. These standards fall into two major categories: * IFC for object models * XML for data exchange "
XML For Web Developers Table of Contents
Good introduction to what XML is - with orientation to web developers, but what it does applies in many domains.
XML Introduction - Set of links - 2002
"The following list of introductory and tutorial articles on XML is extracted from the complete chronological listing of articles collected for the XML Cover Pages, viz., from the Current XML Articles and the archived reference collections. Introductory books are referenced in "SGML/XML Books: Essential and Popular Titles." The documents cited below constitute representative overviews, and are throught to be relatively free of company-specific marketing rhetoric. Succinct and focused overviews of XML are provided in some of the XML FAQ documents. See especially "The XML FAQ" maintained by Peter Flynn. Readers who will benefit from a general introduction to SGML as background to XML may wish to consult some of the very readable documents of this genre."
XML for building Industry - aecXML - Committee Info
May not be terribly helpful unless you're into detail, but they're the people developing XML for the industry. "Proposed aecXML Mission Statement for Discussion Promote and facilitate interoperability among software applications and information exchange on the Internet through the development and use of XML technology in architecture engineering, and construction (AEC), including design, construction, and life cycle applications. Included are applications developed for and used by product manufacturers, information providers, design professionals, contractors, regulators and building owners. Foster the development and dissemination of public-domain schemas that can exchange content with ifcXML and where possible use the same XML tags that are used in ifcXML. Encourage and support the implementation and deployment of software that uses content in XML and exchanges this content with other applications. Form liaisons with government agencies, industry groups, and interested public and private companies to develop an industry-wide aecXML information infrastructure for use by all parties in the industry. Establish the aecXML Domain as a clearinghouse for ifcXML compatible XML schemas used to represent information in the AEC industry. The information represented may be resources such as contract and project documents, attributes, materials, products, parts, equipment; meta data such as organizations, professionals, participants; or activities such as proposals, design, estimating, scheduling and construction."
IFC Building Model - Good Primer on IFC
"With the increasing interest in building information modeling in the AEC community, the issue of interoperability as a means to integrate the various model-based applications into a smooth and efficient workflow has emerged to the forefront of professional attention (see my first newsletter on the AIA Technology in Architectural Practice conference held in San Francisco in Oct 2003). And to most AEC professionals, the word interoperability seems to have become synonymous with the IFC effort (see the recent Viewpoint article in AECbytes by Paul Seletsky). What exactly is the IFC (Industry Foundation Classes)? Most professionals simply know of it as a data model developed by the IAI (International Alliance for Interoperability) to facilitate interoperability in the building industry. While technical information about the IFC building model is documented in detail and is readily available for software developers who need to work with it, there is practically no information for the average AEC practitioner who wants to have a better understanding of the IFC model. The intent of this article is to address this shortfall. It is not about interoperability or data integration per se; rather, it is focused on providing a broad overview of the IFC model without delving too deeply into its technicalities. Let's start by looking at the basics of a building data model, how it differs from a geometric data model, and why such a model is critical to improving the state of the art in the AEC industry."
IFC from IAI - International (International Alliance for Ineroperability - IFC promoter
Chief promotor of Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) "Building Smart Mission IAI is an alliance of organizations dedicated to bring about a coordinated change for the improvement of productivity and efficiency in the construction and facilities management industry (Building Smart). Our members engage in national-industrial programmes that aim to change the organisation, process and technology of the industry. "
Supercomputers Speed Car Design 4/2004
The extension to buildings should be worth consideration. "Automobile manufacturers are drastically reducing their expenses and cutting the time to market by replacing physical models and car crashes with virtual tests run on supercomputers. The supercomputer networks of parallel processors also allow the companies to ask new questions about passenger safety."
new tools deliver BIM data - Cadalyst AEC 12/2003
Now somewhat dated article, but still interesting. "All the recent hype about BIM (building information modeling) piqued my curiosity about just how capable this generation of software is at producing useful information. Conceptually, BIM, a term coined by Autodesk and promoted by Jerry Laiserin, is a 3D virtual building model. Data associated with the model contains information on all building components. This data is available for use throughout the entire building cycle-the design, construction, and facility management stages of a project. To my surprise, I uncovered several software solutions that extract information from a BIM. This article discusses some of these options, specifically Autodesk's Revit and Architectural Desktop 2004, Bentley Architecture 8.1, Graphisoft's ArchiCAD 8.3, and InterSpec's e-SPECS. "
ifc_reference_guide.pdf - From Graphisoft CAD Manufacturer
One CAD Manufacturer's guide to the concepts and use of "Industry Foundation Classes" IFC's. It may be somewhat out of date. It's worth exploring their site further.
4D CAD Research Research Projects - Stanford
Older site, but some interesting projects. "At the Center for Integrated Facility for Engineering, Associate Professor Martin Fischer has lead research projects related to 4D CAD since 1994. The first project, sponsored by Dillingham Construction and performed by Eric Collier, involved the development of a 4D model to communicate the four-year construction project of the San Mateo County Health Facility. Due to the success of this project, Martin Fischer continued to pursue research related to 4D models, focusing on improving 4D tools and the value of 4D models in design and construction. Below is a list of research projects performed by graduate students under Martin Fischer's guidance and with support from the CIFE community and industry companies. The links lead to a more detailed description of these projects."s
NIBS form Committee to standardize BIM - 20060221
"Washington, DC February 20, 2006. The National Institute of Building Standards (NIBS) through its Facility Information Council (FIC) has formed a committee to create the National Building Information Model Standard (NBIMS). The Standard is considered to be a critical element in reforming business practices in the capital facilities industry and recapturing at least $15B annually lost due to inefficiencies. "s
Semantic Web tools for car design 20060217
How new technologies are modifying our way of life. "Semantic Web tools are not commonplace yet, but they've reached the early adopter stage. Not only you can find new friends, but you also can design new cars. The semantic tools provided by the EU-funded WIDE project allow designers and engineers to collaborate over the Web even if they don't share a common technical language and come from various cultures. This approach is very different from traditional knowledge management ones which often force all the people involved to speak the same language."
The Mandate for Seamless CAD/Geospatial Information
"Did you know that two US presidential Executive Orders (EOs), considered together, mandate the convergence of building information and geospatial information in Federal projects? EO 12906 (the 1994 "NSDI" Executive Order signed by President Clinton) establishes a requirement for geospatial information, including building footprints. EO 13327 (signed by President Bush in 2004 to promote efficient and economical use of Federal real property) augments the previous Executive Order with a requirement for real property life-cycle information about federal buildings. The value of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) has been recognized explicitly in the natural resource and environment world - it sprang from those roots - but there is less awareness of the NSDI in federal real property management."
IFC Building Model: A Look Under the Hood
"What exactly is the IFC (Industry Foundation Classes)? Most professionals simply know of it as a data model developed by the IAI (International Alliance for Interoperability) to facilitate interoperability in the building industry. While technical information about the IFC building model is documented in detail and is readily available for software developers who need to work with it, there is practically no information for the average AEC practitioner who wants to have a better understanding of the IFC model. The intent of this article is to address this shortfall. It is not about interoperability or data integration per se; rather, it is focused on providing a broad overview of the IFC model without delving too deeply into its technicalities."
Washington State Life Building Energy Cycle Cost Analysis Process - Good Explanation
Most of the site is quite detailed on the forms and process requirements, but the first page has a good overview description for buildings. "The State of Washington encourages energy-efficient building designs for public agencies. The Washington State Department of General Administration (GA), Division of Engineering and Architectural Services (E&AS) supports this goal by identifying advances in building technology and sharing this information with the design community and public administrators responsible for major construction projects. Many proven technologies can reduce operating costs-use less energy-to an extent that justifies the increases in construction costs. The Energy Life Cycle Cost Analysis process provides a method for evaluating energy considerations in new construction and major modernization projects."
Minnesota Sustainable Design Guide - 2001
"The Minnesota Sustainable Design Guide educates and assists architects, building owners, occupants, educators, students, and the general public concerning sustainable building design. The Guide is a design tool that can be used to overlay environmental issues on the design, construction, and operation of both new and renovated facilities. It can be used to set sustainable design priorities and goals; develop appropriate sustainable design strategies; and to determine performance measures to guide the sustainable design and decision-making processes. It can also be used as a management tool to organize and structure environmental concerns during the design, construction, and operations phases."
Life Cycle Cost Tutorial - Barringer - 1996
Fairly dry, but addresses limitations as well as benefits Assumes knowledge of LCC, but quite detailed and useful given that. Not a good introducition to the topic.
EQUER - Building Life Cycle Simulation Tool - Green Oriented
Date & currency of this tool are not clear - may be superceded "The objective is to reduce the contribution of buildings to environmental problems like global warming, human toxicity and exhaust of resources, while providing comfortable indoor environment and other required functions. A simulation tool has been developed in order to assess the environmental consequences of design choices over the future life cycle of the studied building. The information is provided to professionals during the design process."
Life Cycle Cost Summary Article
Good introduction, although fairly dry - 10pp
The brain for your intelligent home - gizmag Article 20051124
"With convergence happening at such a rate, it’s sometimes a good idea to buy and plan as far out as possible so you don’t end up wth incompatible or legacy systems. Every self respecting technophile has probably been eyeing up what’s available in home automation, home security and home entertainment systems, but each comes with an array of microprocessor-controlled functions and a network. The aim should be to have one network and the SecureGen HTVR offers the chance to combine all three of those networks with one unit – the brain of your intelligent home." s
A semantic grid for virtual collaboration 12/2005
"The InteliGrid European project, which started a year ago, wants to deliver the full potential of grid computing by building an intelligent network aware of all its components. This 'smart grid' approach is intended to suit the needs of complex industries, such as aerospace, shipbuilding or construction, where a large number of partners need to collaborate to solve a single problem."
CmapTools - IHMC Concept Mapping Site
This is the home site for all materials related to the CMap tools.
Concept Mapping Explained
"Concept mapping, developed by Prof. People.JosephDNovak of Cornell University (1983), is a technique for visually representing the structure of information - how concepts within a domain are interrelated. It is based on Ausubel's theory of MeaningfulLearning which stresses that learning new knowledge is dependent on what is already known. More specifcally, new knowledge gains meaning when it can be substantively related to a framework of existing knowledge rather than being "processed and filed" in isolation according to more or less arbitrary criteria. Concept mapping supports the visualization of such conceptual frameworks and "stimulates prior knowledge by making it explicit and requiring the learner to pay attention to the relationship between concepts" (Jonassen, 1996)."
autocad database (organization or structure) - Google Search
A google search the produces multiple interesting links related to AutoDesk's database and more general results.
Database - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"A database is an organized collection of data. The term originated within the computer industry, but its meaning has been broadened by popular use, to the extent that the European Database Directive (which creates intellectual property rights for databases) includes non-electronic databases within its definition. This article is confined to a more technical use of the term; though even amongst computing professionals, some attach a much wider meaning to the word than others."
Real Estate View of Intelligent Buildings
"There is much more to a "Intelligent" or as some refer to it "Digital" building than simply providing high speed internet access or "Bandwidth". A Intelligent Building includes but is not limited to: - High Speed Internet Access (10MB+) - Deployment of Short and Long Range Wireless Technologies - Fault Tolerant Broadband Strategies - Tenant Intranet and Extranet Information Systems - Utilization of Rooftop Space for High Technology Lease Applications - Integrated IP (Internet) Based Security Systems - Extensive Use of Interactive Video Screens for Tenant and Visitor Communications - Use of Vid-Cam Video Communications for Security, Management and Marketing - State-of-the-Art, IP (Internet) Based Facilities Management Systems - A Tenant Strategy Which Strategically Enlists High Technology Clients - Design Which Reflects a Contemporary Digital Theme - Development of a Digital Tenant Culture - Contemporary Digital Amenities Such as, Internet Cafe’s and On-Line Meal Ordering"
‘E-construction’ as the Norm Is Still 10 to 15 Years Away- McGraw-Hill Construction ENR - Constr
"Call it electronic data interchange (EDI), interoperability, building information modeling (BIM), virtual building or e-construction. It’s a design and construction process that experts say holds the most promise for saving time and money, reducing claims and increasing quality, especially for complex buildings." They want $5 to read it. ENR is available through the Drexel library e-journal section.
Intelligent (smart) building at the Climate WorldExhibition - Very short article
Following is a short extract from the article. “The notion “intelligent building” has no exact interpretation yet, but the majority of those who use the term, perceive it as an automated system that: * “Senses” what is going on indoors and outdoors. * Reacts to ensure, in the most efficient way, safe and comfortable stay in it minimizing amount of energy and resources consumed. * “Interacts” with people by means of simple and easily accessible communications channels. The term “building” includes: * Flats/ villas; * Apartment blocks/ hotels; * Public buildings (offices, child-care and educational institutions, medical centers, social centers, administrative buildings, sales outlets etc.); * Production facilities and non-production spaces (warehouses, parking lots etc.).
Software Out There - New York Times 20060407
Developers are joining blocks of interchangeable software components together to create a potentially infinite array of useful new programs.
Iraq war a testing lab for new war technology
In the testing laboratory that is the war in Iraq, an array of remarkable devices and technologies are making their debut in the real world of combat.
Imagining the Future - Yuval Levin
"To think about technology is to think about the future. It is, unavoidably, to speculate and to predict, to imagine how our lives might be affected by new tools, new methods, and new powers. Most arguments about technology are therefore really arguments about the future. They give voice to different sorts of expectations about progress and change, and to different sorts of intuitions about the character of human life. The particular technology being debated is often secondary to these larger much-disputed themes, and the public debate is shaped by different ways of imagining the future at least as much as by the specific technical potential of a new device or technique."
The business of future gazing - BBC NEWS 20060203
Spencer Kelly looks at futurology and finds out how predicting new technology can be a tricky job.
BT Reveals Insight into the Future technology timeline 2006-2051
"BT's futurology department has gazed int the future to predict the technological advances that will impact our personal lives ,professiional lives and the future state of business..." Very interesting
"Spring Design" Structural Software from MIT 3/10/2006
"The interdisciplinary MIT team proposes to employ particle-spring systems dynamically: They are using the software, which models the gravitational load on a given shape's exterior, to find a structure's most efficient form and to allow the architect or engineer to interact with the form-finding program while it is still running."
How Smart Structures Will Work - How Stuff Works
magnetorheological fluid dampers at every floor
Sensametrics - Wireless Structural Monitoring
"Sensametrics, Inc. has been established for the purpose of providing complete and cost-effective solutions for structural health monitoring based on several years of research at Stanford University."
Active Control of Structural Instability
"Active structural enhancement consists of the use of active control to modify structural behavior. This enhancement can be used to actively stiffen, or strengthen (against Euler buckling) a given structure. Therefore, actively controlled structures can adaptively modify their stiffness properties to be either stiff or flexible as demanded. This research investigates optimal closed-loop control strategies to maximize the critical buckling load of a pinned-end column using MEMS based sensors and actuators. In this instance, active control is employed to actively stabilize a structural member to prevent it from collapsing. From a controls standpoint this problem consists of developing control strategies for a time-varying, inherently unstable system."
WBDG - Whole Building Design Guide
"The goal of 'Whole Building' Design is to create a successful high-performance building. To achieve that goal, we must apply the integrated design approach to the project during the planning and programming phases. It is necessary for the people involved in the building design to interact closely throughout the design process. The owner, building occupants, and operation and maintenance personnel should be involved to capture their understanding of how the building and its systems will work for them once they occupy it. The fundamental challenge of 'whole buildings' design is to understand that all building systems are interdependent."s
Building Technologies Department - LBL
One of the most respected labs in the US working on simulation.
KCBS - Building Simulation - One research center in the Netherlands
"mission: A better understanding of the underlying principles and improvement of simulation based design tools for an integrated, performance based approach of traditional and renewable energy systems in the built environment Building modelling and simulation is not restricted to the building structure itself but includes indoor environment, while simultaneously taking into account the outdoor environment, mechanical, electrical or structural systems, and traditional and renewable energy supply systems. Computer modelling and simulation is a powerful analysis and design technology, which will allow designers to achieve a good indoor environment in a sustainable manner, and in that sense to take care of people now and in the future. Building modelling and simulation does not have to be restricted to the detailed design phase, which is current practice. It may be employed both earlier in the design and, after completion, during the whole life cycle of the building. Apart from having obvious importance in its own right, both the main research method of computer simulation and its focus point of integration of building systems, plays an important role in the other KCBS research themes. The main research methods are computer modeling and simulation, experimental work for model improvement and quality assurance, and other information and communication technologies for simulation support and knowledge transfer. "
Building and Fire Research Laboratory - NIST
"Research Areas . High Performance Construction Materials and Systems: Enable scientific and technology-based innovation to modernize and enhance the performance of construction materials and systems. . Fire Loss Reduction: Enable engineered fire safety for people, products, facilities; and enhanced firefighter effectiveness with 50% reduction in fatalities. . Enhanced Building Performance: Provide the means to assure buildings work better throughout their useful lives. . Homeland Security: Use the lessons learned from the World Trade Center disaster to better protect people and property, enhance the safety of fire and emergency responders, and restore public confidence in the safety of tall buildings nationwide."
ASHRAE TC 7.5 - Smart Building Committee
"The Technical Committee on Smart Building Systems (SBS), TC 7.5, is concerned with the development and evaluation of technologies that could enable the widespread application of smart building systems. "Smart" buildings should take advantage of automation, communications, and data analysis technologies in order to operate in the most cost-effective manner. This implies integration of building services such as HVAC, fire, security, and transportation; the automation of many of the operation and maintenance functions traditionally performed by humans; and the interaction with outside service providers such as utilities, energy providers, and aggregators. Currently, three subcommittees form the backbone of the TC’s activities: technology development, communications and integration, and testing and evaluation. The scope and activities of these subcommittees loosely follow the product development process as depicted in following flow chart and as defined in the following sections." - From the "structure" page of the site.
LED Lighting wall panel - RPI
"Electronic Walls and Ceilings Offer Adaptable Solid-State Lighting The LRC and the Alliance for Solid-State Illumination Systems and Technologies (ASSIST) are working to develop a flexible interior infrastructure that will integrate solid-state lighting with other building materials and systems. The design includes interchangeable, modular panels with integrated LED lighting fixtures that are part of an electrical network. Such an infrastructure would allow occupants to change lighting on a whim to satisfy their needs or their mood with the same ease as rearranging furniture—no need to drill holes, patch drywall, call an electrician, or lay out the room according to where the electric sockets are installed. "
CABA - Continental Automated Buildings Association
" CABA is a not-for-profit industry association that promotes advanced technologies for the automation of homes and buildings in North America. Our mission is to encourage the development, promotion, pursuit and understanding of integrated systems and automation in homes and buildings."
'Smart' Buildings To Guide Future First Responders 20051107
"The best response to a building emergency is a fast and informed one. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is working with the building industry as well as the public safety and information technology communities to achieve both objectives.NIST researchers are studying how "intelligent" building systems can be used by firefighters, police and other first responders to accurately assess emergency conditions in real-time." This is another artiicle addressing the same topic.
MisterHouse - Perl-based Home automation for Do-it-Yourself
How amateurs are playing in this field "MisterHouse is an open source home automation program. It's fun, it's free, and it's entirely geeky. Written in Perl, it fires events based on time, web, socket, voice, and serial data. It currently runs on Windows 95/98/NT/2k/XP and on most Unix based platforms, including Linux and Mac OSX. Perl subroutines and objects are used to give a powerful programming interface. Here is some example code: $fountain = new X10_Item 'B1'; set $fountain ON if time_now '6:00 PM'; $movement_sensor = new Serial_Item 'XA2', 'stair'; play(file => 'stairs_creek*.wav') if state_now $movement_sensor eq 'stair'; $v_bedroom_curtain = new Voice_Cmd '[open,close] the bedroom curtains'; curtain('bedroom', $state) if $state = said $v_bedroom_curtain; Here is a list of the standard code files and a list of other user specific code files (index). Here is some example speech output: * Turning furnace heat off after 20 minutes at 69.1 degrees * Notice, the sun is bright at 32 percent, and it is cold outside at 24 degrees, so I am opening the curtains at 8:07 AM * The van is traveling north at 58 mph 0.8 miles west of Walmart. "
Intelligent Buildings - Donald A. Coggan, Ingénieur-Engineer
Promotion for a firm consulting in Intelligent Building design "Intelligent Buildings Being results-oriented, we offer a 100% guarantee. But even if you don't need our services, please check out all the resources offered on or off our site. Activities and resources in intelligent buildings (IB), including the related fields of energy management, building automation, telecommunications, lifesafety, workplace automation, and mechanical and electrical engineering consist of: * Consulting Mandates * Articles, Publications * Conference Presentations * Media Interviews * Industry Links Consulting Mandates *Creation of an Intelligent Building Database as the factual basis for the development for Public Works Canada of a work statement for a smart building pilot project. *Preparation of a report on the state of the art in building automation technologies for a study called The Economic Impact of the Electronic Office for Public Works Canada, Ottawa.
Intelligent Building Middle East 2005 - Trade show December 2005
"The 1st Intelligent Building Middle East 2005 will be held from 5th - 7th of December 2005 at The Bahrain International Exhibition Centre and is under the patronage of H.E. Fahmi bin Ali Al Jowder the Minister of Works and Housing. The event is a co-operation between the Bahrain Convention & Exhibition Bureau, Bahrain Society of Engineers and the German government-owned Nuernberg Global Fairs."
imagine the home in 2020 - designboom
Presents results of competition to imagine the home of the future.
IHS Construction - NIST Studies 'Intelligent' Buildings' Role in Public Safety
"The U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) plans to develop standards based on research it is conducting on the benefits of giving first responders the ability to access real-time information about emergency conditions. The standards will be designed to enable manufacturers to design intelligent building systems that use various types of communication networks, such as wireless networks, to assist first responders in assessing and mitigating emergencies, NIST said. Working with the building industry and public safety and information technology sectors, NIST is studying how smart building systems can locate a fire within a building, determine its size and discover the location of stored flammable chemicals, if any. Other real-time building sensor information includes status information concerning a specific building's mechanical systems, elevators, lighting, security system and fire systems, the locations of building occupants, and temperature and smoke conditions. "
Bwired.nl - Home automation in the Netherlands
One person's highly automated house with many monitors
AutomatedBuildings.com Article - Smart Buildings By Design 1/2006
"At the peak of dotcom euphoria, a tremendous amount of excitement revolved around making everyday things smarter and better. From refrigerators to clothing, it seemed the technology of the world wide web was on track to radically change everything. As old became synonymous with irrelevant, the bricks and mortar infrastructure of commercial buildings was often overlooked by investors. Ironically, just five years later, the bricks and mortar business is thriving. Ordinary buildings are using dotcom technologies to become measurably better and smarter"
High Efficiency Flat Light Source Invented
sScientists studying organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) have made a critical leap from single-color displays to a highly efficient and long-lived natural light source. The invention, described in the April 13 issue of Nature, is the latest fruit of a 13-year OLED research program led by Mark Thompson, professor of chemistry in the USC College of Letters, Arts and Sciences, and Stephen Forrest, formerly of Princeton University and now vice president for research at the University of Michigan. "This process will enable us to get 100 percent efficiency out of a single, broad spectrum light source," Thompson said.
The Self-cleaning NanoHouse
"The NanoHouse is a new type of ultra-energy efficient house using the new materials being developed by nanotechnology such as self-cleaning glass or dye solar cells. The NanoHouse is currently a concept going from one exhibit to another. But prototypes should appear in 2007 while manufacturing should start around 2009."
Wil McCarthy's HACKING MATTER
"Programmable matter is probably not the next technological revolution, nor even perhaps the one after that. But it's coming, and when it does, it will change our lives as much as any invention ever has. Imagine being able to program matter itself--to change it, with the click of a cursor, from hard to soft, from paper to stone, from fluorescent to super-reflective to invisible. Supported by companies ranging from Levi Strauss to IBM and the Defense Department, solid-state physicists in laboratories at MIT, Harvard, Sun Microsystems, and elsewhere are currently creating arrays of microscopic devices called "quantum dots" that are capable of acting like programmable atoms. They can be configured electronically to replicate the properties of any known atom and then can be changed, as fast as an electrical signal can travel, to have the properties of a different atom. Soon it will be possible not only to engineer into solid matter such unnatural properties as variable magnetism, programmable flavors, or exotic chemical bonds, but also to change these properties at will."
The Flying Carpet - Images on Carpet
"Digital imaging offers the ability to create fantastic images and use them in new ways by creating spaces to transform perceptions and indeed create whole new environments. We now have the ability to put any image on a wall (via digitally printed wallpaper), curtains, ceilings and now to have digitally imaged carpet created, giving us complete artistic control of interior design like never before." 7/2005
Grancrete - Spray-on concrete - Likely to be useful for computerized forming
"Grancrete® Spray-on Structural Cement and the Grancrete Rapid Construction Process" - Illustrated
"Metal foams, full of tiny air bubbles like a sponge cake, are gradually making inroads in industrial applications. Lightness and high energy absorption are two demanded material characteristics. Less known is the use of open-pored variants for decorative purposes."
Wireless Sensor Networks Offer High-tech Assurance For A World Wary Of Earthquakes
Sensors deployed strategically on a bridge, says Zhang, an assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at Lehigh University, can provide a high-resolution, multi-dimensional picture of the health of a structure, giving engineers vital information about a bridge's performance and, in the aftermath of a catastrophe, its ability to carry traffic. To be useful in the event of an earthquake or other emergency, says Zhang, sensor data must be transmitted in real time, virtually without delay, to remote processing centers for interpretation and then to decision-makers.s
Sensors of the World, Unite! 2004
"Alun Anderson, editor-in-chief of the New Scientist, recently wrote "The smart-dust revolution" for 'The World In 2004' published by The Economist. In this extremely interesting article, he argues that for almost 40 years, our vision of progress in the computing world was to pack more and more power on silicon chips. Now, another information revolution is emerging, driven by billions of tiny and intelligent sensors able to self-organize into scalable and fault-tolerant networks. Taken individually, these sensors have small brains, but using billions of them is an entirely other story."
Zigbee Explained - Slow, Stupid Networks Pack Punch 2003
BOSTON -- "Faster and smarter" is the mantra in the wireless world, but Robert Poor has a different vision: He dreams of networks that are slow and stupid. For years, wireless has been all about developing standards like Bluetooth and the still-more-powerful 802.11 that can hurl data through the air rapidly enough to fuel complex applications like streaming video on laptops or cell phones. But not everybody needs streaming video. Sometimes slow and steady -- but light and cheap -- packs more punch. "
Zigbee Alliance -- wireless control networking
"The ZigBee Alliance is an association of companies working together to enable reliable, cost-effective, low-power, wirelessly networked monitoring and control products based on an open global standard."
The Impact of Emerging Technologies Where Sensors Make Sense
"The idea of tiny, ubiquitous computers monitoring us and our environments from every nook and cranny might alarm a few civil libertarians -- but this is exactly the concept driving researchers who are trying to perfect networks of smart, wireless sensors." 12/2005
A new 'female' robot
"There're loads of male-type and child-type robots around, so we figured making one in the style of a woman would be good for PR and stuff, as well as create new demand," Tomotaka Takahashi, Robo Garage's boss, said during a Friday media conference.s
A new workhorse for DARPA - Unmanned robotic Vehicles
"this new 6.5-ton robot will be able to carry payloads of up to 2 tons on very complex terrains. Crusher will rely on surrounding sensors to keep its balance and learn about its environment. After intensive testings, it should start to perform its duties in 2008."
Med Students Train on Robots
"Noelle's given birth in Afghanistan, California and dozens of points in between. She's a lifelike, pregnant robot used in increasing numbers of medical schools and hospital maternity wards."
In a Wired South Korea, Robots Will Feel Right at Home - New York Times
South Korea, the world's most wired country, is rushing to turn what sounds like science fiction into everyday life. The government, which succeeded in getting broadband Internet into 72 percent of all households in the last half decade, has marshaled an army of scientists and business leaders to make robots full members of society. By 2007, networked robots that, say, relay messages to parents, teach children English and sing and dance for them when they are bored, are scheduled to enter mass production. Outside the home, they are expected to guide customers at post offices or patrol public areas, searching for intruders and transmitting images to monitoring centers. If all goes according to plan, robots will be in every South Korean household between 2015 and 2020. That is the prediction, at least, of the Ministry of Information and Communication, which has grouped more than 30 companies, as well as 1,000 scientists from universities and research institutes, under its wing. Some want to move even faster.
"A remarkable, if slightly creepy, tree-climbing robot is being developed by robotics experts from Carnegie Mellon and several other US Universities. And here's a video of it scrabbling up several different surfaces. The aim of RiSE (Robots in Scansorial Environments) is to develop a robot capable of walking on land and also crawling up vertical surfaces. And it is funded by DARPA's Biodynotics Biologically Inspired Multifunctional Dynamic Robotics (BIODYNOTICS) Program. Obviously such a robots could have plenty of useful applications, in search-and-rescue and space exploration, for example. But presumably it could also help you reach those really hard-to-prune branches."
Robots to help farmers
"Robots designed to help farmers have been built before (check 'Agrobots' Go to the Farm for earlier examples). But this time, engineers from the University of Warwick have chosen to develop robots that will reduce farm labor costs. In recent months, they've built a robotic mushroom picker, an inflatable conveyor belt and a grass cutting robot that might also be used by golf course owners. These robots have been designed by an interdisciplinary team of researchers from the University of Warwick's horticultural arm, Warwick HRI, and engineers from the Warwick Manufacturing Group. And the team has an ambitious goal: "transform farming and horticulture over the next decade." Let's look at some of their new farming robots."
Mini Robots To Undertake Major Tasks
"From cell manipulation to micro assembly, micro robots devised by an international team of researchers offer a glimpse of the future. The MICRON project team, led by the Institute for Process Control and Robotics (IPR), Karlsruhe, Germany, brought together eight international partners. Funded under the European Commission’s FET (Future and Emerging Technologies) initiative of the IST programme, MICRON set out to build a total of five to ten micro robots, just cubic centimetres in size. “Each one would measure about 1.5cm by 3 cm,” says IPR´s Joerg Seyfried. “They were designed to be complete robots, with different kinds of actuators for gripping, cell manipulation, and so on. Each one would be wireless, with lots of electronics on board, and an infrared control system – rather like a TV remote, but two-way in this case. They would be able to cooperate together on a range of tasks.”
Dextrous mini-robots to aid ops - BBC NEWS 1/28/2006
"Scientists are developing a new generation of dextrous mini-robots for use in minimally invasive surgery. New Scientist magazine reports that several prototypes of the radio-controlled robots are being tested in animal models. They have been used to help perform gall bladder and prostate removal in pig experiments. The University of Nebraska team believe they could potentially revolutionise minimally invasive keyhole surgery. There are several prototypes of the robots, each about 15 millimetres in diameter. One has a camera attached, another is equipped with a needle that can extract a small piece of tissue for a biopsy. The robot that moves around the abdominal cavity has a spiral pattern on its wheels, allowing it to transverse multiple organ surfaces and move around without slipping or damaging tissue."
"This project investigates a new sensor architecture for making interactive surfaces that are sensitive to human hand and finger gestures. This sensor recognizes multiple hand positions and their shapes as well as calculates the distances between the hands and the surface by using capacitive sensing and a mesh-shaped antenna."
MIT group develops 'mind-reading' device CNET News.com
"The ESP camera can be worn facing outward by the speaker, or as a self-cam by the listener. As conversation ensues, the device "mind-reads" for the wearer. When the listener, whom the camera is focused on, begins to exhibit signs of boredom, the speaker is signaled so that she can readjust her behavior to bring the listener back into the conversation."
Smart bricks could monitor buildings, save lives 2003
"Scientists from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a "smart brick" which can monitor a building's health and report its conditions wirelessly. The work was performed by Chang Liu, a professor of electrical and computer engineering, and his graduate student Jon Engel at the university's Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology with fundings from the National Science Foundation."
MEMS - All About
"The photolithographic techniques that mass-produce millions of complex microchips can also be used simultaneously to develop and produce mechanical sensors and actuators integrated with electronic circuitry. Most MEMS devices are built on wafers of silicon, adopting micromachining technologies from integrated circuit (IC) manufacturing and batch fabrication techniques."
The Smart Sensor Web A Revolutionary Leap in Earth Observation - GEO World - Sept 2003
A vision of a worldwide sensor web. "With the presence of cheaper, miniature and smart sensors; abundant fast and ubiquitous computing devices; wireless and mobile communication networks; and autonomous and intelligent software agents, the Sensor Web has become a clear technological trend in geospatial data collection, fusion and distribution. The Sensor Web is a Web-centric, open, interconnected, intelligent and dynamic network of sensors that presents a new vision for how we deploy sensors, collect data, and fuse and distribute information."
Net system monitors plane health 2/2004
Article on Boeing system for continuous remote monitoring. "The US plane maker Boeing has developed a new system for identifying potential faults while aircraft are in the air. It should give engineers early notice of problems and let them start their repairs as soon as a flight has landed. Airlines would call up their planes on the internet to monitor performance and check indicators against a database held at Boeing's Seattle headquarters. The company says the system, which will launch in April, should significantly reduce the delays faced by passengers. With the tight turnaround now demanded of aircraft, Boeing believes its advanced health management (AHM) system will prove a big hit with the airline industry. "
Spray-on computers - Emerging Technology Trends ZDNet.com 20051128
"Back in August 2003, I told you that spray-on nanocomputers were coming. Last week, the Discovery Channel gave us an update on this project of the Speckled Computing consortium, a collaboration between researchers from several universities in the U.K. They are building the Specknet, a network of small computers (5 x 5 x 5 mm), which also contain sensors and can communicate wirelessly with the other specks. But it will probably take ten years before such dynamic sensors can be used in real applications, like detecting structural failures in aircraft wings or helping victims from strokes."
The arrival of geosensor networks 20060316
"In a very interesting article, Location Intelligence describes how the capture of geospatial information traditionally done by using cameras, laser scanners and GPS sensors, is being revolutionized by recent advances in advances in nanotechnology. In fact, "nanotechnology has made it both feasible and economically viable to develop and deploy low-cost, low-power semi-autonomous sensor devices that are general-purpose computing platforms." These geosensors are leading to wireless networks which start to be used for real applications such as monitoring traffic patterns or tracking cars in cities. Here is how this article describes sensor networks. In sensor networks the objective is to get many such devices to collaborate and monitor specific phenomena. Each device then becomes a node of the network. The challenge is to aggregate sensor nodes into computational infrastructures that are able to produce globally meaningful information from raw local data obtained by individual sensor nodes: understanding for example that spikes in local measurements may correspond to a moving pollution front, and tracking its evolution. These sensor networks usually contain sensors with different degrees of capturing, processing, and communication capacities and are typically powered by Linux or TinyOS."
Manchester Develops Wireless 'Wear And Tear' Sensor
"Scientists at The University of Manchester are to develop a new type of wireless sensor which will be able to remotely monitor mechanical parts and systems. The aim is to produce a sensor which can be seamlessly fitted inside gearboxes, motors, diesel engines, wheel bearings and door mechanisms, in which faults can occur."
pnnl-15149_market_assessment.pdf (applicationpdf Object)
162pp report addressing the impact of sensors on the building market.
The intelligent door handle 20051008
"The diversity of communication and security systems which greet a visitor attempting to enter a doorway these days can be daunting to the visitor and expensive and complex to upgrade and implement for the home owner or building manager. Now Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute have combined and adapted all the cameras, buzzers, keypads, motion detectors, RFID readers and intercoms into a wireless integrated door station and combined it with the door handle which can integrate existing and planned infrastructure at low cost and high convenience."
Sensors Built in Clothes - Material Alert - Technology Review 2005
"Two MIT scientists are designing clothes for soldiers that can "see" colors and "feel" heat and cold. By Edwin L. Thomas Soldiers have to be on top of what's going on around them; their lives depend on it. Technology helps: for example, night-vision goggles that amplify the ambient light either in the visible or near-infrared ranges. A great gadget, except for its weight, bulk, and need for batteries. Nanotechnology may provide some new great gadgets that are smaller, lighter, and more integrated. What if you could integrate capabilities into soldiers' kits and clothing that would dramatically enhance their ability to monitor themselves and their surroundings? At MIT's Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies (ISN), researchers are developing new materials that can sense changes in a soldier's body surface temperature and even tell whether he or she is being targeted by a laser. "
Planet82 Demos Super Sensitive Image Sensor
Want to take pictures in the dark? Nanotechnology makes Planet82's new camera sensor 1000-times more sensitive than traditional sensors.
Demo Sensing Success - Technology Review
"Scott Manalis holds in his palm a thin microchip about the size of a fingernail. To the naked eye, it looks similar to the chips you might find in your cell phone or iPod. What's different is buried in the chip and hidden from sight: a suspended vibrating microchannel carved out of silicon. It is, says Manalis, "to our knowledge, the world's most sensitive way to measure the mass of biomolecules or the mass of cells in an aqueous environment."