St. Lucia
 

Map of St. Lucia

 

Flag of St. Lucia
Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952)

Area: 238 sq mi (616 sq km)

Population (2004 est.): 164,213 (growth rate: 1.3%); birth rate: 20.5/1000; infant mortality rate: 14.0/1000; life expectancy: 73.3; density per sq mi: 690

Capital: Castries

Monetary unit: East Caribbean dollar

Languages: English (official), French patois

Ethnicity/race: black 90%, mixed 6%, East Indian 3%, white 1%

Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Anglican 3%, other Protestant 7%

Literacy rate: 67% (1980 est.)

Natural resources: forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential. Exports: $66 million (2002 est.): bananas 41%, clothing, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, coconut oil. Imports: $267 million (2002 est.): food 23%, manufactured goods 21%, machinery and transportation equipment 19%, chemicals, fuels. Major trading partners: UK, U.S., Barbados, Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago.

Member of Commonwealth of Nations

International disputes: protests Venezuela's claim to give full effect to Aves Island, which creates a Venezuelan EEZ/continental shelf extending over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea.

 

 

Symbolism of Flag

The black and white reflect the black and white communities and the harmony between them. Yellow represents the golden beaches and blue stands for the sea.

Geography

One of the Windward Islands of the eastern Caribbean, St. Lucia lies just south of Martinique. It is of volcanic origin. A chain of wooded mountains runs from north to south, and from them flow many streams into fertile valleys.

Government

Parliamentary democracy. A governor-general represents the sovereign, Queen Elizabeth II.

National Anthem

Sons and daughters of St. Lucia,
Love the land that gave us birth,
Land of beaches, hills and valleys,
Fairest isle of all the earth.
Wheresoever you may roam,
Love, oh love your island home.

Gone the times when nations battled
For this 'Helen of the West,
Gone the days when strife and discord
Dimmed her children's toil and rest.
Dawns at last a brighter day,
Stretches out a glad new way.

May the good Lord bless our island,
Guard her sons from woe and harm!
May our people live united,
Strong in soul and strong in arm!
Justice, Truth and Charity,
Our ideal for ever be!