St. Kitts and Nevis
Federation of St.
Kitts and Nevis
Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952)
Area: St. Kitts, 65 sq mi (168 sq km); Nevis, 36 sq mi (93 sq km)
Population (2004 est.): 38,836 (growth rate: 0.3%); birth rate: 18.3/1000; infant mortality rate: 14.9/1000; life expectancy: 71.9; density per sq mi: 385
Capital: Basseterre (on St. Kitts)
Largest town on Nevis: Charlestown
Monetary unit: East Caribbean dollar
Ethnicity/race: predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Religions: Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
Literacy rate: 97% (1980 est.)
Natural resources: arable land. Exports: $70 million (2002 est.): machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco. Imports: $195 million (2002 est.): machinery, manufactures, food, fuels. Major trading partners: U.S., UK, Canada, Portugal, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan.
International disputes: protests Venezuela's claim to give full effect to Aves Island, which creates a Venezuelan EEZ/continental shelf extending over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea.
The green represents fertility; yellow stands for sunshine and black recalls the people's African origins. Red symbolizes the struggle for liberty.
St. Kitts, the larger of the two islands, is roughly oval in shape except for a long, narrow peninsula to the southeast. Its highest point is Mount Liamuiga (3,792 ft [1,156 m]). The Narrows, a 2-mile- (3-km-) wide channel, separates the two islands.
O Land of Beauty!