Jamaica
 

Map of Jamaica

 

Flag of Jamaica
Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952)

Area: 4,244 sq mi (10,991 sq km)

Population (2004 est.): 2,713,130 (growth rate: 0.7%); birth rate: 16.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 12.8/1000; life expectancy: 76.1; density per sq mi: 639

Capital: Kingston

Monetary unit: Jamaican dollar

Languages: English, Jamaican Creole

Ethnicity/race: black 90.9%, East Indian 1.3%, white 0.2%, Chinese 0.2%, mixed 7.3%, other 0.1%

Religions: Protestant 61.3% (Church of God 21.2%, Baptist 8.8%, Anglican 5.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 9%, Pentecostal 7.6%, Methodist 2.7%, United Church 2.7%, Brethren 1.1%, Jehovah's Witness 1.6%, Moravian 1.1%), Roman Catholic 4%, other including some spiritual cults 34.7%

Literacy rate: 88% (2003 est.)

Natural resources: bauxite, gypsum, limestone. Exports: $1.355 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): alumina, bauxite; sugar, bananas, rum. Imports: $3.265 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, fuel, food, chemicals, fertilizers. Major trading partners: U.S., Canada, Norway, UK, Germany, Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan.

Member of Commonwealth of Nations

 

Symbolism of Flag

The yellow represents sunshine and natural resources; black, the burdens borne by the people; green, agriculture and hope for the future.

 

Geography

Jamaica is an island in the West Indies, 90 mi (145 km) south of Cuba and 100 mi (161 km) west of Haiti. It is a little smaller than Connecticut.

 

Government

Constitutional parliamentary democracy.

 

National Anthem

Eternal Father bless our land,
Guard us with Thy Mighty Hand,
Keep us free from evil powers,
Be our light through countless hours.
To our Leaders, Great Defender,
Grant true wisdom from above.
Justice, Truth be ours forever,
Jamaica, Land we love.
Jamaica, Jamaica, Jamaica land we love.

Teach us true respect for all,
Stir response to duty’s call,
Strengthen us the weak to cherish,
Give us vision lest we perish.
Knowledge send us Heavenly Father,
Grant true wisdom from above.
Justice, Truth be ours forever,
Jamaica, Land we love.
Jamaica, Jamaica, Jamaica land we love.