Grenada
 

Map of Grenada

 

Flag of Grenada
State of Grenada

Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952)

Area: 133 sq mi (344 sq km)

Population (2004 est.): 89,357 (growth rate 0.1%); birth rate: 22.6/1000; infant mortality rate: 14.6/1000; life expectancy: 64.5; density per sq mi: 673

Capital: St. George's

Monetary unit: East Caribbean dollar

Language: English (official), French patois

Ethnicity/race: black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian

Religions: Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%

Literacy rate: 90% (1970 est.)

Natural resources: timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors. Exports: $46 million (2002 est.): bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace. Imports: $208 million (2002 est.): food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel. Major trading partners: Germany, U.S., Bangladesh, Netherlands, Saint Lucia, Antigua and Barbuda, France, Trinidad and Tobago, UK.

Member of Commonwealth of Nations

 

Symbolism of Flag

The yellow represents sunshine, warmth, and wisdom; green symbolizes the lush vegetation and agriculture.

Geography

Grenada (the first a is a long vowel) is the most southerly of the Windward Islands, about 100 mi (161 km) from the Venezuelan coast. It is a volcanic island traversed by a mountain range, the highest peak of which is Mount St. Catherine (2,756 ft; 840 m).

Government

Constitutional monarchy. A governor-general represents the sovereign, Elizabeth II.

National Anthem

Hail! Grenada, land of ours,
We pledge ourselves to thee,
Heads, hearts and hands in unity
To reach our destiny.
Ever conscious of God,
Being proud of our heritage,
May we with faith and courage
Aspire, build, advance
As one people, one family.
God bless our nation.