Antigua and Barbuda
Queen Elizabeth II (1952)
Land area: 171 sq mi (443 sq km)
Population (2004 est.): 68,320 (growth rate: 0.6%); birth rate: 17.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 20.2/1000; life expectancy: 71.6; density per sq mi: 399
Capital: St. John's
Other large cities: English Harbour, 2,900; Codrington (capital of Barbuda), est. pop. 870
Monetary unit: East Caribbean dollar
Language: English (official), local dialects
Ethnicity/race: black, British, Portuguese, Lebanese, Syrian
Religions: Christian (predominantly Anglican and other Protestant; some Roman Catholic)
Literacy rate: 89% (1960 est.)
Natural resources: negl; pleasant climate fosters tourism. Exports: $689 million (2002): petroleum products, manufactures, machinery and transport equipment, food and live animals. Imports: $692 million (2002 est.): food and live animals, machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, oil. Major trading partners: OECS, Barbados, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, U.S., UK, Canada.
Member of Commonwealth of Nations
The black reflects the African origins of the islanders. Red stands for the vigour of the people and white represents hope.
Antigua, the larger of the two main islands, is 108 sq mi (280 sq km). The island dependencies of Redonda (an uninhabited rocky islet) and Barbuda (a coral island formerly known as Dulcina) are 0.5 sq mi (1.30 sq km) and 62 sq mi (161 sq km), respectively.
Fair Antigua, we