Civil Society and the Environment


A Research Project funded by the

National Science Foundation

Washington DC


Project Dates: September 1, 2005 – September 30, 2012



J. Craig Jenkins

Dept. of Sociology

Ohio State University

300 Bricker Hall190 N. Oval Mall

Columbus OH 43210


Web Site:


Robert J. Brulle

Dept. of Culture and Communication

Drexel University

3141 Chestnut St.

Philadelphia  PA 19104


Web Site:



Jason Carmichael

Department of Sociology

McGill University

Stephen Leacock Building, Room 713

855 Sherbrooke Street West

Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2T7


Web Site:


PROJECT SUMMARY:  The Civil Society and the Environment research project is a long term collaborative effort involving Dr. Craig Jenkins, Dr. Robert Brulle, and Dr. Jason Carmichael.  Various components of this project have been funded by grants from the National Science Foundation and the Aspen Institute.  The primary research focus is on environmental politics and the social interactions and processes that drive how our society treats the natural environment.  This project involves a series of related investigations into the development of key collective actors, belief systems, and institutions involved in the creation of U.S. environmental policies.  This involves investigating the interactions between social movement organizations, other social institutions, and the larger social structure and how these interactions affect the development of a range of environmental policies.  The specific project descriptions are as follows:

1.  Foundation Funding Project

2.  Civil Society and the Environment: The Mobilization of the U.S. Environmental Movement, 1900- 2000

3.  Protecting the Environment:  Does the Environmental Movement Matter



Brulle, Robert J. and Rob Benford.  2012.   From Game Protection to Wildlife Management:  Frame Shifts, Organizational Development, and Field Practices,” Rural Sociology


Brulle, Robert J., Jason Carmichael and J. Craig Jenkins. 2012.  Shifting Public Opinion on Climate Change:  An Empirical Assessment of Factors Influencing Concern over Climate Change in the U.S., 2002-2010.”   Climatic Change  111


Jenkins, J. Craig.   2011.  Democratic Politics and the Long March on Global Warming.”   Sociological Quarterly  52: 211-219.


Antonio, Robert J. and Robert J. Brulle.  2011.  The Unbearable Lightness of Politics:   Climate Change Denial and Political Polarization.”   Sociological Quarterly 52:195-202.


McCreery, Anna.  2010.  Media Attention, Political Processes, and Air Pollution in the U.S.:  A Time Series Analysis (1959 – 1998).” Organization and Environment 23: 255-270.


Brulle, Robert J.  2010.  From Environmental Campaigns to Advancing the Public Dialogue:  Environmental Communication for Civic Engagement.  Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture 4.1 March: 82 – 98.


Brulle, Robert J. 2010. “Politics and the Environment,” in Kevin T. Leicht and J. Craig Jenkins (eds), The Handbook of Politics:  State and Civil Society in Global Perspective.  Springer Publishers, New York, NY.


Brulle, Robert J., and Jenkins, J. Craig. 2010. “Civil Society and the Environment;  Understanding the Dynamics and Impacts of the U.S. Environmental Movement,” in Understanding 21st Century NGOs, edited by Thomas Lyon.  Washington, D.C.: RFF Press.


Brulle, Robert J. and Jenkins, J. Craig, 2008. Fixing the Bungled U.S. Environmental Movement  Contexts 7(2) 14-18.


Brulle, Robert J., Turner, Liesel H., Jenkins, J. Craig., and Carmichael, Jason. 2007. Measuring SMO Populations: A Comprehensive Census of U.S. Environmental Movement Organizations  Mobilization 12(3) 195-211


Brulle, Robert J, and Jenkins, J. Craig. 2005. Foundations and the Environmental Movement;  Priorities, Strategies, and Impact in Faber, Daniel and McCarthy, Debra, Foundations for Social Change: Critical Perspectives on Philanthropy and Popular Movements  Rowman & Littlefield


Project Data Sets

       Environmental Organization Data Set Procedures

       Environmental Organization Data Set

…….Readers Guide Data

       State Of The Union Speeches Data Set

       Coding Instructions - State Of The Union Speeches

       Coding Sheet - State Of The Union Speeches






Hein, James  and Jenkins, J. Craig  2010.  “Elites and the Climate Change Debate:  The Directors of Pro and Anti Climate Change Policy Organizations” paper presented at the American Sociological Association Convention, August 20-23 2010, Atlanta GA.


McCreery, Anna.   2010.  “Political Drivers of Air Pollution in the U.S.:  A Time-Series Analysis (1959-1998)  paper presented at Fifth International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology 2010.  July 12-16, 2010, Houston TX.


Brulle, Robert J. and Jenkins, J. Craig. 2005.  “The U.S. Environmental Movement: Crisis or Transition?"  presented at the International Sociological Association Conference (RC 24) - Double Standards and Simulation: Symbolism, Rhetoric and Irony in Eco-Politics:  International Conference at the University of Bath, UK, September 2005


Brulle, Robert J., Jenkins, J. Craig (presenter), Turner, Liesel, and Carmichael, Jason, 2005. “The Organizational Development of the U.S. Environmental Movement: Environmental Threat, Critical Communities, Resources, and Political Opportunities”, presented at the Collective Behavior and Social Movements Section session, Annual American Sociological Association Conference, Philadelphia PA, August 2005


Brulle, Robert J.  and Jenkins, J. Craig. 2005.  Decline or Transition: Discourse and Strategy in the U.S. Environmental Movement presented at a special session organized by the Environment & Technology Section,  American Sociological Association Conference, Philadelphia PA, August 2005





Date Last Modified: 3/1/2012